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When we talk about IoT - the Internet of Things - we refer to systems where different devices generate data that is automatically transmitted between devices or to a central location. For example, remotely controlling and monitoring devices over the Internet are examples of IoT. Why is it good to keep the amount of data that is transmitted small and compact? And what else do you need to know about IoT before the technology is taken into use?
1. It's a good idea to choose the background technology based on your application
There are many technologies to choose from to cover the IoT needs. Different technologies are suitable for different applications, which is why it is worth keeping the objective clearly in mind when choosing the right technology. The most common technologies are NB-IoT (Narrowband Internet of Things) and LTE-M (Long-Term Evolution Machine type communication). Both represent LPWAN technology, which enables secure connections even over long distances while using only little power.
The main difference between the two technologies is that NB-IoT carries smaller amounts of data at once, but is better in saving power. LTE-M has a higher data rate and functionality when used in moving objects. In short: NB-IoT works particularly well for solutions that are applied indoors, such as factories, while LTE-M is better suited to solutions that require mobility.
2. There's a lot of data moving around – and that's why it's packed small
One of IoT's greatest benefits is the easy long-term collection of data. The more data there is, the easier it is to draw conclusions based on data. Many IoT applications, such as a smart offices or smart buildings, are based on optimizing costs and conditions with data. The more data there is, the easier it will be to optimise new spaces and buildings. Many applications collect condition data all the time. This means that the devices also transmit data continuously. To make devices, such as temperature sensors, as long-lasting as possible, the data should be compressed in the smallest possible format, so that its transmission consumes as little power as possible.
3. Partnership pays off
IoT can be deployed either by yourself or with the help of a partner. As often is the case, it is not worth reinventing the wheel. Especially telecom operators can offer practical help. If you have the know-how, enthusiasm, and time, you can naturally manage the network and related contracts and applications from start to finish yourself. However, this approach may not save you time nor money, as the introduction of new technologies often involves learning through trial and error. Through telecom operators, you can get all the know-how, experience, vision, and ecosystem they provide.
Are you hungry for more information about IoT? Sign up for the English webinar on 22 April 2021 here! In the Diving Deep With IoT webinar, the experts are Pasi Paju, Business Manager at DNA, and Jelte Jansons, Product Manager at Telenor.
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